ISSN 1999-6942

Scientific-economic journal

PROBLEMS OF ECONOMICS

AND MANAGEMENT OF OIL AND GAS COMPLEX

June 2018                                          ¹ 6                                12 issues per year

 

CONTENÒS

 

STRATEGY

 

Sinelnikov A.A., Buliskeriya G.N. The concept of strategic technology monitoring (p. 5‑9)

 

Zubarev G.V., Ozdoeva A.Kh. Use of real options as a risks reduction method when making project decisions in the oil and gas industry (p. 10‑14)

 

ECONOMICS

 

Melekhin E.S., Morozova E.V., Fedorova S.E. The state and prospects of use of gas resources in Russia (p. 15‑18)

 

Spektor N.Yu., Sarkisov A.S. Economical analysis of gasification projects (p. 19‑24)

 

Volodina I.N., Zakharova O.L. A synergistic effect, resulting in the restructuring of oil and gas companies (p. 25‑27)

 

Zubareva V.D., Gradus E.Yu., Gradus À.Å. Some specific features of a business cost estimation by the method cash value added (CVA) (p. 28‑33)

 

ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

 

Efimochkina N.B., Eremina I.Yu., Kibovskaya S.V. Organizational project planning of control systems as a tool of innovative production simulation (p. 34‑38)

 

Budzinskaya O.V., Slavinskiy A.E., Tumanov A.A. The structure of employment in the Russian labour market in conditions of transition to the digital economy (p. 39‑43)

 

Petrushkin S.I., Khlopova T.V., Daudova À.A. The stages of development of oilfield services and improving service oil and gas companies in Russia (p. 44‑49)

 

Islamgalieva E.R.,  Simonova I.F. Methodological grounds of labor decent assessment in the oil and gas industry (p. 50‑54)

 

Buliskeriya G.N.,  Burykina E.V., Polishuk A.V. A corporate project management system as a tool of a company’s strategy implementation (p. 55‑58)

 

ECONOMIC-MATHEMATICAL MODELING

 

Andreev A.F.,  Burykina E.V., Kalamkarova A.A. Optimization of projects solutions in the congregations of hydrocarbons sear­ching (p. 59‑61)

 

Pelmeneva A.A., Papadmitrieva L.V., Gryzova I.I. Application of network modelling tools for effective project communications management (on the example of the project of small-scale liquefied natural gas production) (p. 62‑68)

 

 

Information on the articles

 

UDC 658.5          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-5-9

 

THE CONCEPT OF STRATEGIC TECHNOLOGY MONITORING (p. 5)

 

Alexander Alexandrovich Sinelnikov,

Gvantsa Nugzarovna Buliskeriya

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pro_men@list.ru

 

The paper presents the concept of strategic technological monitoring, contributing to a more complete integration of long-term and strategic technological plans when implementing the strategy of a company sustainable development. This concept provides for its implementation as an element of the technological management system – in the form of an integrated information-analytical and executive subsystem, the main functions of which are the identification, preservation and capacity – building of the technological base in the changing conditions of the oil and gas and technological business.

 

Keywords: technology management; monitoring; integration; identification; sustainable development strategy; technology strategy.

 

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UDC 338          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-10-14

 

USE OF REAL OPTIONS AS A RISKS REDUCION METHOD
WHEN MAKING PROJECT DECISIONS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY (p. 10)

 

G.V. Zubarev

 

PJSC Gazprom

 

Alina Khamzatovna Ozdoeva

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: 4305@bk.ru

 

The theory of real options is based on the methodology of financial options, the main stages of the calculation of which are presented in the article. It is worth noting that different types of real options are used at different stages of a project development. In many ways, the success of applying the theory of real options depends on the calculation methodology. The article also gives examples that demonstrate calculation of the real options value by the Black – Scholes formula. The application of the real options theory is a flexible tool for decision-making in conditions of the environment uncertainty.

 

Keywords: real options; business valuation; investment projects; the Black – Scholes formula; managerial flexibility; decision tree; uncertainty; strategic goal; development strategy; oil and gas industry; efficiency key indicators; implementation strategy.

 

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UDC 558.063:47          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-15-18

 

THE STATE AND PROSPECTS OF USE OF GAS RESOURCES IN RUSSIA (p. 15)

 

Eugene Sergeevich Melekhin,

Elena Vitalievna Morozova,

Svetlana Evgenievna Fedorova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: kafedra.ng@mail.ru

 

The article considers the state of fuel and energy resources preparation in the country, the special attention is paid to the state and use of traditional and non-traditional gas resources, the prediction of provision by them of the Russian economy is carried out. The main promising directions of gas use in the country are considered.

 

Keywords: fuel and energy resources; gas reserves and resources; unconventional gas resources; coal bed methane; shale gas; gas hydrates; gasification; gas motor fuel.

 

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UDC 67.03          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-19-24

 

ECONOMICAL ANALYSIS OF GASIFICATION PROJECTS (p. 19)

 

Nikolay Yurievich Spektor,

Avedik Sergeevich Sarkisov

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: fin-men1327@yandex.ru

 

This article considers the problems of economic analysis of the projects to be implemented for gasification of rural municipal entities. The method of comparison of gasification variants efficiency, based on modeling of cash flows, was developed for economic analysis with account of positive and negative externalities and for construction of zones of projects efficient implementation. The decision making on gasification projects public efficiency realization is influenced by externalities, associated with the economic activity growth in such sectors of the industry as plant growing, cattle breeding, industry, tourism and also with the changes of negative influence on aerial resources, land resources, forestall resources and water resources.

 

Keywords: gasification; level of gasification; rural municipal entities; natural gas; externalities; economic analyses.

 

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UDC 658.16          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-25-27

 

A SYNERGISTIC EFFECT, RESULTING IN THE RESTRUCTURING
OF OIL AND GAS COMPANIES (p. 25)

 

Irina Nikolaevna Volodina,

Olga Leonidovna Zakharova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pro_men@list.ru

 

The article focuses on the peculiarities of the restructuring of domestic oil and gas companies and obtaining a synergetic effect from this process. On the basis of systematization of the existing points of view on the concept of "synergetic effect" the main conclusions are formulated.

 

Keywords: restructuring; synergetic effect; oil and gas companies; budget constraints.

 

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UDC 332.644          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-28-33

 

SOME SPECIFIC FEATURES OF A BUSINESS COST ESTIMATION
BY THE METHOD CASH VALUE ADDED (CVA) (p. 28)

 

Valentina Dmitrievna Zubareva,

Ekaterina Yurievna Gradus,

Alexander Evgenievich Gradus

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: fin-men1327@yandex.ru

 

The article presents the main results of scientifically-research work to analyze the methodology of a business cost estimation by the method of the cash value added (CVA). The research considers not only the methodology, but also pluses and shortcomings associated with the method application. It should be noted here that the necessity of the approach application is caused by the growing complexity and modern oil and gas business in Russia. Cash value added is an alternated economic value added (EVA), where the net operational monetary flow is used instead of profit. Well, CVA neglects the problem of fictitious accounting expenditure – amortization. But then there appears one of the main problems – how to connect a company’s monetary flow to its real financial state in order not to get the soap-bubble effect.

 

Keywords: results of scientific-research work; cash value added; modern methods of business cost estimation; oil and gas business; EVA.

 

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UDC 658.5:338.24          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-34-38

 

ORGANIZATIONAL PROJECT PLANNING OF CONTROL SYSTEMS
AS A TOOL OF INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION SIMULATION (p. 34)

 

Natalia Borisovna Efimochkina,

Irina Yurievna Eremina,

Svetlana Vasilievna Kibovskaya

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: kutp@gubkin.ru

 

The article deals with the basic principles and mechanism of organizational project planning. Organizational project planning is a research area that, by means of a management system comprehensive analysis, provides formation of organizational structures adequate to the market needs. The study of specific organizational structures of an enterprise, the entire management system in the whole will reveal the negative factors that slow down the production processes and/or potential resources that are not used in business organizations activities. The final result of organizational project planning is a management system that is mobile responsive to changes.

 

Keywords: organizational project planning; planning; methods of scientific-organizational project planning; management systems; organizational structure; business organization; production processes.

 

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UDC 331.5          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-39-43

 

THE STRUCTURE OF EMPLOYMENT IN THE RUSSIAN LABOUR MARKET
IN CONDITIONS OF TRANSITION TO THE DIGITAL ECONOMY (p. 39)

 

Olga Vladimirovna Budzinskaya,

Alexsander Eduardovich Slavinskiy,

Anton Alexandrovich Tumanov

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: kutp@gubkin.ru

 

The article deals with the problem of a qualified personnel shortage that, according to of J. Rasmuss approach, is included in the category of "Knowledge" as the main deterrent of Russia's transition to the digital economy at present. The authors attribute this fact primarily to the structure of the labor market employment inherited from the times of the planned economy and, secondly, to the lack of the workers motivation to master professions that require long-term training. The lack of motivation is explained by wages weak differentiation of the staff categories and weak stimulation role of a wage. The authors attribute the level of master's degree to the category of "Knowledge" due to J. Rasmuss approach super imposition on the two-stage system of higher education. Of course, the state policy of financing education, namely, the creation of budget places, is an influential factor when forming the structure of the labor market supply. The authors of the article conclude that one of the most effective ways to overcome the existing situation of qualified personnel shortage for the digital economy is to increase the number of budget places in the master's program and to strengthen measures ensuring university graduates’ employment. These measures could probably minimize the personnel shortage of "Knowledge" category.

 

Keywords: technological structure; employment structure; competences; higher education; digital economy.

 

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UDC 334.72          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-44-49

 

THE STAGES OF DEVELOPMENT OF OILFIELD SERVICES AND
IMPROVING SERVICE OIL AND GAS COMPANIES IN RUSSIA (p. 44)

 

Sergei Ivanovich Petrushkin,

Tatiana Vladimirovna Khlopova,

Àmira Anvarovna Daudova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pro_men@list.ru

 

The article presents the stages of development of oilfield services and forms of service improvement for the period, including market and market, and their characteristic. For the oil industry, current issues are: increasing competitiveness in global markets; increasing the capitalization of companies; reducing the cost of oil production in Mature and newly commissioned fields; obtaining and using new technologies for the production of hydrocarbons from hard-to-recover reserves; implementation of oil projects on the shelf of the seas under the sanctions imposed by the US and the EU. The solution of these issues is closely connected with the development of oilfield services, whose functions include ensuring the smooth operation of all oil companies in the fuel and energy complex and achieving their strategic goals. In this regard, there is a need for in-depth analysis of the development of oilfield services in our country, the allocation of the passed stages, determining the forms of service that took place in the past period. It allows to reveal perspective and the most effective forms of service of the oil companies, and also to define a vector of development of the domestic oilfield service enterprises in the near future.

 

Keywords: oilfield services; oilfield services companies; stages of development of oilfield services; forms of service.

 

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UDC 331.101          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-50-54

 

METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS OF LABOR DECENT ASSESSMENT
IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY (p. 50)

 

Elena Rinatovna Islamgalieva,

Irina Fedorovna Simonova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: kutp@gubkin.ru

 

The relevance and importance of the decent labor assessment and development in the oil and gas industry are caused by the key role of this industry sector for the Russian economy as well as by the importance of ensuring the labor safety of oil and gas companies employees and their stable employment. The article presents an analysis of the existing approaches to the assessment of decent labor at the micro level, identifies the main directions and indicators of decent labor implementation in the companies of various industries. Based on the analysis carried-out, the methodological grounds of decent work assessment in the companies of oil and gas industry are substantiated.

 

Keywords: decent work; oil and gas industry; labor safety; social protection of workers; decent wages; job security; social dialogue; decent work indicators.

 

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UDC 658.5          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-55-58

             

A CORPORATE PROJECT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AS A TOOL
OF A COMPANY’S STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION (p. 55)

 

Gvantsa Nugzarovna Buliskeriya,

Ekaterina Valerievna Burykina,

Alexander Valentinovich Polishuk

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pro_men@list.ru

 

The article reveals the peculiarities of the organizational mechanism of effective strategic decision-making within the framework of a company's project activities based on the corporate project management system (CPMS). The article shows that CPMS is a tool of strategic management aimed at supporting and improving the efficiency of projects planning and management. The constituent elements of CPMS are project management standards, project office, project management information system. The implementation of the strategy is achieved by solving the problems of strategic management, the formation of a strategic vision, mission, strategy development, evaluation of results and adjustment of the strategy.

 

Keywords: project management; corporate system; CPMS; strategy; management of a strategy implementation.

 

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UDC [622.276+622.279]:338          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-59-61

 

OPTIMIZATION OF PROJECTS SOLUTIONS IN THE CONGREGATIONS
OF HYDROCARBONS SEARCHING (p. 59)

 

Alexander Fedorovich Andreev,

Ekaterina Valerievna Burykina,

Angelina Alexandrovna Kalamkarova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pro_men@list.ru

 

The article discusses the features of the prospecting stage, the characteristics of the information obtained during exploration, the indicators of the plan for the search for hydrocarbon accumulations, the stages of the plan optimization, the proposed criteria for assessing the effectiveness of prospecting drilling, the imposed project benefits and costs: the mathematical expectation of the increase in reserves, the mathematical expectation of the cost of prospecting drilling, the mathematical expectation of the gain from the upcoming development of reserves, etc.

 

Keywords: exploration works; search stage; perspective objects; evaluation criteria; ranking.

 

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UDC 658.5          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-6-62-68

 

APPLICATION OF NETWORK MODELLING TOOLS
FOR EFFECTIVE PROJECT COMMUNICATIONS MANAGEMENT
(ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE PROJECT OF SMALL-SCALE LIQUEFIED
NATURAL GAS PRODUCTION) (p. 62)

 

Anastasia Alexeevna Pelmeneva,

Larisa Vladimirovna Papadmitrieva,

Irina Igorevna Gryzova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pelmeneva.a@gubkin.ru, papadmitrieva.l@gubkin.ru

 

The article deals with one of the up-to-date problems of project management – the study of the most effective communications management in oil and gas projects. The problem is illustrated by the actively developing trend, namely, organization of a small-scale liquefied natural gas (LNG) production. The present study reveals the main problems that arise at the pre-investment stage of the project study. A network model, developed to manage a project for the small-scale LNG production, which allows to graphically display and optimize the sequence and interdependence of works, as well as to identify the necessary number of actions and activities to ensure achievement of the ultimate goals of the project in time and on budget is developed. Also, use of the network modelling tool assists in the definition of a critical path that allows reducing the project implementation time to the minimum; it means that the profit generation process can be accelerated, thus increasing the efficiency and competitiveness of the project in the framework of the development of the fuel and energy complex of Russia.

 

Keywords: communications management; project management; network models; network modelling tools; design solutions; efficiency; organization of a small-scale production of liquefied natural gas (LNG); LNG projects.

 

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