ISSN 1999-6942

Scientific-economic journal

PROBLEMS OF ECONOMICS

AND MANAGEMENT OF OIL AND GAS COMPLEX

July 2018                                            7                                12 issues per year

 

CONTENS

 

ECONOMICS

 

Idigova L.M., Enkasheva Z.I., Yusupova A.Sh., Chaplaev Kh.G. Resource potential of the economy regional modernization (p. 5‑8)

 

Katyukha P.B. Trends in the development of exchange trading in the world oil market. Prospects of Russian export grade Urals as a world benchmark (p. 9‑13)

 

Fattakhov .., Sarkisov .S. Calculation of the optimum level of use of loan capital on the example of oil and gas company (p. 14‑20)

 

Shevchenko A.K. Problems of use of hydrocarbons residual reserves of worked-out deposits and possible ways of their solutions (p. 21‑23)

 

ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT

 

Khalidov I.A. Improvement of methods and management systems in Russian oil and gas companies (p. 24‑30)

 

ECONOMIC-MATHEMATICAL MODELING

 

Litvin Yu.V. Parallel development projects oil and gas realized in structure system of systems (p. 31‑36)

 

Vinogradov G.A. The project management adaptation of models of projects network scheduling in the high uncertainty environment (p. 37‑42)

 

WORLD OIL AND GAS BUSINESS

 

Sumin A.M. Cyprus on the energy map of the world in the 21st century (p. 43‑46)

 

Kalamkarova A.A. The market of insurance services in oil and gas industry: domestic and foreign experience (p. 47‑50)

 

 

Information on the articles

 

UDC 332.146.2          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-5-8

 

RESOURCE POTENTIAL OF THE ECONOMY REGIONAL MODERNIZATION (p. 5)

 

Lalita Musaevna Idigova

 

The Chechen State University

32, A. Sheripov str., Grozny, 364051, the Chechen Republic, Russian Federation,

e-mail: L.idigova@mail.ru

 

Zalina Isaevna Enkasheva

 

Ibragimov Comprehensive Research Institute

21A, Staropromyslovskoye shosse, Grozny, 364051, the Chechen Republic, Russian Federation,

e-mail: L.idigova@mail.ru

 

Aminat Shamilevna Yusupova

 

Private Enterprise "Baltic Academy of Tourism and Business"

13, Petrozavodskaya str., St. Petersburg, 197110, Russian Federation,

e-mail: L.idigova@mail.ru

 

Husein Gelanievich Chaplaev

 

Chechen State Pedagogical University

33, Kievskaya str., Grozny, 364051, the Chechen Republic, Russian Federation,

e-mail: L.idigova@mail.ru

 

The authors of the article consider in detail the problems of natural resources availability, their amount, quality and combination, that determines the natural resource potential, being the main condition of productive forces location in the region. Modern conditions make new demands on the government bodies activities and dictate the need for understanding modernization processes. The regional systems are in a state of transformation, what, in its turn, requires the search for new paradigms that are adequate to modern conditions. A new methodology of studying the regional social-economic processes should give a whole picture of the regularities and significant links in the development of social-economic processes that determine the nature and effect of their implementation.

In the authors opinion, the Chechen Republic, having its own natural resource to be used for energy capacities production stays an energy-deficient region. Most of the electricity supplied to consumers is obtained from other regions.

Regional modernization requires effective interaction of all types of resources, creation of mechanisms for their accumulation, reproduction of the social-economic, investment and innovation potential of the region as the main factors of competitiveness.

 

Keywords: resource potential; modernization; economy of the Chechen Republic.

 

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UDC 339.7          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-9-13

 

TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF EXCHANGE TRADING IN THE WORLD OIL MARKET.
PROSPECTS OF RUSSIAN EXPORT GRADE URALS AS A WORLD BENCHMARK (p. 9)

 

Pavel Borisovich Katyukha

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: katioukha.p@gubkin.ru

 

This article is devoted to one of the most important problems facing the Russian economy the need to form its own Russian reference grade Urals oil, which would allow to determine the objective and transparent price of Russian oil and avoid binding to the quotations of international price agencies. Despite the fact that Russia is one of the largest oil exporters in the world, the price of Russian Urals crude oil through quotations from Western price agencies does not always reflect the real value of the Russian export mixture. The author analyzes the possibility of Russian Urals oil export grade to become a benchmark in the context of trends in the global hydrocarbon exchange trade.

 

Keywords: oil benchmark; commodity exchange; differential; arbitrage; futures; option; hedger; speculator; arbitrage; liquidity; trader; market pricing; derivatives; futures; spot market; margin; non-residents.

 

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UDC 336.7          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-14-20

 

CALCULATION OF THE OPTIMUM LEVEL OF USE OF LOAN CAPITAL
ON THE EXAMPLE OF OIL AND GAS COMPANY (p. 14)

 

Airat Mukhametovich Fattakhov

 

Moscow Innovation University

7, Malaya Ordynka str., Moscow, 119017, Russian Federation,

E-mail: emailurio@gmail.com

 

Avedik Sergeevich Sarkisov

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation

 

In the article the approach to definition of an optimum level of use of a loan capital of the oil and gas company is offered. In the construction of the model, the most unrealistic assumptions of the existing theories on zero growth rates, on the principle of recapitalization and on the lack of reinvestment of profits were abandoned.

The developed model makes it possible to determine to what extent it is economically expedient to increase the amount of borrowed capital. The properties of a practically oriented model and its consequences are important criteria for its logical closure and substantive consistency with economic theory.

 

Keywords: borrowed capital; level of financial dependence; operational risk; capital structure; financial leverage; strategic stability.

 

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UDC 622.276          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-21-23

 

PROBLEMS OF USE OF HYDROCARBONS RESIDUAL RESERVES
OF WORKED-OUT DEPOSITS AND POSSIBLE WAYS OF THEIR SOLUTIONS (p. 21)

 

Alexander Konstantinovich Shevchenko

 

110, app., 29, 39 Gvardeyskoy Divizii str., Volgograd, 400064, Russian Federation,

tel.: (8442) 72-50-42

 

The factors arising at the final stage of hydrocarbon deposits development and their consequences, affecting the ecology of the regions, located above the worked-out oil, gas and gas-condensate deposits are analyzed. The possibility to reduce the harmful aftereffects associated with migration of hydrocarbons to the upper layers and their penetration into the Earth's atmosphere is discussed. One of the options suggests a controlled transfer of hydrocarbons from the worked-out reservoirs through the selected wells or caverns, followed by the capture of hydrocarbons and their use in the national economy.

 

Keywords: hydrocarbons; profitability; migration; segregation; Earth's crust; caverns; secondary deposits; monitoring; control.

 

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UDC 657.26          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-24-30

 

IMPROVEMENT OF METHODS AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS
IN RUSSIAN OIL AND GAS COMPANIES (p. 24)

 

Ibragim Arbievich Khalidov

 

PJSC LUKOIL

11, Sretensky boulevard, Moscow, 101000, Russian Federation,

e-mail: khalidov.i@mail.ru

 

For Russian oil and gas companies, the issue of the effective management based on "big data" becomes extremely urgent. Today, promptly prepared, and processed information is one of the essential tools of top-management.

The tasks of mass introduction of automated control systems along the whole chain of activities of oil and gas companies at the level of the corporate center, as well as in subsidiaries and dependent companies both in Russia and abroad are becoming topical.

Methods for processing and analyzing of "big data" are the essence of econometrics, on the bases of which tasks can be solved to optimize management decisions at the level of top-management of oil and gas companies.

 

Keywords: budget process; budget model; scenario modeling; detailed data storage; strategic planning; IT platforms.

 

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UDC 622.32:519.8      DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-31-36

 

PARALLEL DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS OIL AND GAS REALIZED
IN STRUCTURE SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS (p. 31)

 

Yuri Vasilevich Litvin

 

LLC "NIIgazeconomika"

20, bld. 8, Staraya Basmannaya str., Moscow, 105066, Russian Fedetarion,

-mail: litvinj@simplecs.ru

 

New approach to time estimate of project development oil and gas realized in structure system of systems (System of Systems, SOS). Development such projects by various contractors requires development of the new methods analysis, considering parallel designing. In article times of parallel performance works in developed model are estimated by methods order statistic in case various initial distributions. Examples of calculation.

 

Keywords: system of systems; SOS; wave model; modeling; phase distributions.

 

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UDC 330.4          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-37-42

 

THE PROJECT MANAGEMENT ADAPTATION OF MODELS OF PROJECTS NETWORK
SCHEDULING IN THE HIGH UNCERTAINTY ENVIRONMENT (p. 37)

 

Georgy Alexandrovich Vinogradov

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: Vinogradov.geo@gmail.com

 

In conditions of the forth industrial revolution (Industry 4.0) and contemporary rate of business-processes, it is necessary to adapt the network scheduling models, providing the probability of timely response to constantly changing external and internal environment and the possibility to use various modes of work.

The project management analysis is based on an agile concept that means freedom to change the activities schedule in cases where network models are allowed. Because of the necessity to use agile methods and activities in modern project management, an option of adaptation of network scheduling models to the conditions of post-industrial economy is proposed.

 

Keywords: project management; network scheduling technique; agile systems; Industry 4.0; project risks.

 

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UDC 332          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-43-46

 

CYPRUS ON THE ENERGY MAP OF THE WORLD IN THE 21ST CENTURY (p. 43)

 

Andrey Mikhailovich Sumin

 

Institute of Oil and Gas Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IPNG RAN)

3, Gubkin str., Moscow, 119333, Russian Federation,

e-mail: andrey-sumin@rambler.ru

 

The article lists the prerequisites for the emergence of interest in Cyprus as a gas producing country. The possibilities of Cyprus to become a potential exporter of natural gas are analyzed. The contradictions that have long been inherent in the Eastern Mediterranean as part of the Middle East are shown and special emphasis is placed on the new contradictions that arose due to the discovery of natural gas deposits in the Cyprus section of the Mediterranean shelf. Identified as the traditional challenges faced by Cyprus in the region, and new problems arising from these challenges in the competition for energy resources of the Eastern Mediterranean. The interests and plans of external players in relation to the energy resources of Cyprus are characterized. The motives that determine the behavior of stakeholders in the course of their interests are listed. The associated risks and conflicts of interest are analyzed. A recommendation is given to form a Russian position on energy projects involving Cyprus.

 

Keywords: energy policy; energy security; geopolitics; geo-economics; energy interests of Russia.

 

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UDC 368.1+368.8+622.279+622.3          DOI: 10.30713/1999-6942-2018-7-47-50

 

THE MARKET OF INSURANCE SERVICES IN OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY:
DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE (p. 47)

 

Angelina Alexandrovna Kalamkarova

 

Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (NRU)

65, bld. 1, Leninsky prosp., Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation,

e-mail: pro_men@list.ru

 

The article is devoted to the specifics of insurance of oil and gas risks, some specific features of the RF oil and gas industry in view of insurance purposes are discussed, the main criteria for choosing an insurer are identified. The article substantiates the role of insurance for the industry development, the problems of integration with the global insurance market are determined, the current state is analyzed, the trends and prospects of development of insurance of oil and gas risks market development are pointed out.

 

Keywords: oil and gas industry; insurance; risks; development prospects.

 

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